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Berezinsky biosphere reserve - the oldest among protected sites that make up the natural heritage of Belarus. It was founded on January 30, 1925 as the state hunting reserve in Borisov district, since 1959 it functioned as Berezinsky state reserve, in 1979 it was given the status of «biosphere». Since 2001 – state nature protection institution Berezinsky biosphere reserve.
Located in the North of the Republic in the Belarusian Poozerie, in the territory of Lepel and Dokshitsy districts of the Vitebsk region, Borisov district of the Minsk region.
The area of the reserve - 85,2 thousand ha. In addition protected area reserve includes the experimental forest and hunting farm «Barsuki» and hunting farm «Berezina».
Berezinsky biosphere reserve is a unique facility in Central Europe, which is:
Berezinsky biosphere reserve includes 4 types of ecosystems: dense forests, rivers, meadows and swamps. Swamps occupy about 60% of the territory of the reserve, of which more than 5 thousand hectares falls on the upper swamps. It is the only natural system that prevents the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and prevents global climate change.
To date, 1,348 bogs of the country have been preserved in their natural state – they are about 863 thousand hectares, and Berezinsky biosphere reserve has become one of the first protected areas, important for the protection of the marsh ecosystems of Belarus.
To date, these pristine places are inhabited:
Berezinsky biosphere reserve – the pearl of the Belarusian Poozerie, one of the oldest conservation areas of the highest rank in our country. One of the main attractions of Berezinsky biosphere reserve is Museum of nature, created with the aim of promoting principles of conservation, and also to familiar people with the animal world. Exhibits of animals are placed in three halls of the Museum, two of which are exhibits with mammals, the third is dedicated to birds and fish. In total there are about 170 species of birds and 20 species of mammals.
On the edge of the pine forest is a spacious and modern Forest zoo, where are typical inhabitants of the reserved forest. Cages with wild animals are one of the main objects in the system of ecological education of the population. The first inhabitant of the enclosure is bear Umka. She was found a little bear in a roadside strip of Lepelsky timber enterprise in 2012.
The spacious corral lives the giant of our forests – european bison Valera. He often comes to people to greet guests of the reserve. In the neighborhood in large pens settled a small family of deer and a couple elk Yas and Yanina, brought here from Mogilev zoo in 2011. At the end of 2012 in the Forest zoo has a European lynx named Rysia. In separate well-equipped broad and high cage lives amusing squirrel. In the forest zoo there is a place for feathered inhabitants of the reserve-birds of prey, storks and a pond for the swan.
A meeting place for scientists, researchers and people, who are not indifferent to the heritage of Berezinsky reserve - House of ecological education, located on the Central estate of Berezinsky biosphere reserve, is an ecological and educational facility in a specially protected natural area, which is designed for large-scale educational and awareness-raising activities in the field of the environment among different segments of the population.
The most important goals and objectives of the house of environmental education are::
Ecological educational point of national level for children, which is a complex of the house of ecological education, where appropriate technically equipped with special rooms for classes, and 2 ecological routes with specially equipped places for wildlife observation, walk on which is offered to all children of Belarus. This project promotes ecological education and upbringing of schoolchildren coming to the reserve from all regions of Belarus. In addition, it is intended to stimulate interest and respect for nature.
The first center of mythological tourism in Belarus opened its doors on the territory of the reserve in 2016. Walk at night along the path of myths and meet the traditional character of the reserve Bolotnik and his friends - spirits - this mythical tour captivates not only children but also adults. Another place of tourists' attraction is mythological museum, where you can make a journey through the world tree.
In addition! Berezinsky biosphere reserve offers ecological trails, adventure park, kayak tours, bike trails, horseback riding, and excursions into the wildlife.
State environmental establishment Berezinsky biosphere reserve was created in order to control situated on its territory of the natural complex, and also the purpose of preservation in natural state of natural complexes and objects, studying of the genetic fund of flora and fauna, typical and unique ecological systems and landscapes, creating conditions for ensuring the natural course of natural processes.
main goals and objectives of Berezinsky biosphere reserve:
Additional information about Belarusian National parks.
Business address: 220007, Republic of Belarus, Minsk, Surazhskaya Str. 10, of. 21
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The certificate of registration №1808 issued from 9.08.2007 Minsk City Executive Committee. Payer's Identification Number:190855081
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